Sustainable Food Security in Nigeria: An Assessment of Food Production and Consumption Pattern among Farmers in Wukari, during and after Covid–19 Era
This paper is an assessment of food production and consumption pattern among farmers in Wukari, (Taraba state) during and after COVID-19 era. The study aims at determining whether there is a change in production and consumption pattern of farmers in the study area and the effects that such changes created. The researcher adopted survey as research design while questionnaire and was employed as instrument of data gathering. The study population consists of Wukari farmers. Purposive sampling procedure was used for the study and the sample for the study is 300 farmers. Frequency and percentage is used in analysing the data and presented in a table. Findings of the study revealed that farmers in Wukari are engaged in different food production like fishing, yam and cassava tubers among others. The findings also showed that COVID-19 has negatively affected the production of animal proteins subjecting the farmers to rely on carbohydrate like rice and yam. However, the findings further revealed that there is improvement in food production and consumption pattern of farmers in Wukari after COVID-19 era. The researcher concluded that a sustainable food security is possible if food production is given a priority even in the midst of any global pandemic like COVID-19. It was, therefore, suggested that lockdown restriction measures should exclude any activity related to farming and food production processes.