ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM IN STOOL SAMPLES OF INFANTS IN NURSERY SCHOOLS IN ENUGU, ENUGU STATE.

  • B. O. Ogene Department of Microbiology, Federal University, Oye-Ekiti, Ekiti state, Nigeria.
  • O. M. Ukhureigbe Department of Microbiology, Federal University, Oye-Ekiti, Ekiti state, Nigeria.
  • P. O. Orjiakor Department of Microbiology, Ekiti State University, Ekiti State, Nigeria
  • S. O. Ejime Department of Microbiology, Caritas University, Amorji Nike, Enugu state, Nigeria.

Abstract

Clostridium botulinum, a ubiquitous organism is one of the most common pathogens known to man. The pathogenicity of this organism is enhanced by the production of highly resistant spores and toxins implicated in tissue necrosis and sclerosis. Foodborne botulism is rare but it may kill rapidly, and contaminated products may expose many persons. The prevalence of food poisoning by this bacterium is not well known and documented in Nigeria. Fifty nine stool samples each were taken from infants in three different nursery schools in Enugu State, Nigeria and examined for the presence of this organism. Isolates were identified by culture and microscopy, after which the isolates were confirmed by their biochemical and molecular characteristics. Clostridium botulinum was detected in the stool samples of some of the infants in nursery schools. Foodborne botulism represents a medical and public health emergency that places premium on rapid and effective communication between clinicians and public health officials. Health education is therefore paramount in eradicating this infection, hence the introduction of personal hygiene policy into educational curricula, will ultimately help to reduce the menace of botulism in schools.

Author Biographies

B. O. Ogene, Department of Microbiology, Federal University, Oye-Ekiti, Ekiti state, Nigeria.

Department of Microbiology, Federal University, Oye-Ekiti, Ekiti state, Nigeria.

O. M. Ukhureigbe, Department of Microbiology, Federal University, Oye-Ekiti, Ekiti state, Nigeria.

Department of Microbiology, Federal University, Oye-Ekiti, Ekiti state, Nigeria.

P. O. Orjiakor, Department of Microbiology, Ekiti State University, Ekiti State, Nigeria

Department of Microbiology, Ekiti State University, Ekiti State, Nigeria

S. O. Ejime, Department of Microbiology, Caritas University, Amorji Nike, Enugu state, Nigeria.

Department of Microbiology, Caritas University, Amorji Nike, Enugu state, Nigeria.

Published
2020-08-05
How to Cite
OGENE, B. O. et al. ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM IN STOOL SAMPLES OF INFANTS IN NURSERY SCHOOLS IN ENUGU, ENUGU STATE.. SAU Science-Tech Journal, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 1, p. 1 -9, aug. 2020. ISSN 2659-1529. Available at: <https://journals.sau.edu.ng/index.php/sjbas/article/view/144>. Date accessed: 08 mar. 2021.
Section
Articles